Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. The term may also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind such as learning and problem-solving.
It is the ability to optimize computerized machines for real solutions using special technology practices by focusing on human interactions on a number of studies. Artificial Intelligence can be an engine of productivity and economic growth.
According to Accenture International Research Center, the productivity and Development of countries like Canada, Sweden, USA and Japan will increase by 40 Percent until 2035. The reason for this study was the way they are using their AI centers properly.
Cognizant of its advantage, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has officially inaugurated an artificial intelligence (AI) Center last week, which will boost technological innovations in Ethiopia. Abiy’s cabinet approved the establishment of the center in the country on 24 January, 2020.
The move was taken “to safeguard Ethiopia’s national interests through the development of artificial intelligence services, products and solutions based on research, development and implementation. It will also inject a much-needed capacity for our country to compete and penetrate African and global market
“Designed to support young entrepreneurs through capacity building and research excellence, I am quite pleased to inaugurate the Artificial Intelligence Center, which will be a site for development of functional and problem solving technological innovations,” the Prime Minister said.
The premier also said that the country do not seek to cultivate youth who only watch from a distance and adopt the world’s industrial revolution as AI is the ability to optimize computerized machines for real solutions using special technology practices by focusing human interactions on a number of studies. There are different arguments about adopting AI.
Abeba Birhane, a Ph.D. student at University College Dublin, on her study report emphasizes as most important are the disparities in how different groups of people are impacted by technology shifts, and the connection between privilege and control over that impact. AI is just the latest in a series of technological disruptions, and as she notes, one with the potential to negatively impact disadvantaged groups in significant ways.
AI is not truly autonomous and never will be. This is because there is always a human involved to some degree. Another layer to this is the oversight of labor from “micro-workers” who contribute to AI without being acknowledged.
Abeba further raises a ton of compelling points in favor of reframing the AI Ethics conversation. For her, part of the process involves an active commitment to prioritizing understanding rather than prediction. But a shift in values might be a slow process.
Eng. Worku Gachena, Director General for FDRE Artificial Intelligence Center on his part stated that AI a technology that helps people increase productivity via exploiting machines for the intended purpose by teaching them and feeding them with appropriate data.
He further stated that his office is teaching Amharic, Afan Oromo, Tigrigna and Somaligna languages for the machines. This is also paramount important these national and local languages to become international and help people effectively communicate through face book, email or twitter, even orally, he added.
The center will work on safeguarding Ethiopia’s national interests through the development of AI services, products and solutions based on research, among other things, he added.
In a new study published in Sustainable Development, Dr. Jon Truby of Qatar University, College of Law on his part talks about how unregulated AI is a threat to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)—a set of guidelines created by the United Nations (UN) for the sustainable development of all countries. Dr. Truby points out that this threat is especially prevalent in developing nations, which often relax AI regulations to attract investments from the Big Tech.
He explains that because AI is commonly used in national security databases, it can be misused by criminals to launder money or organize crime. This is especially relevant in developing countries, where input data may be easily accessible because of poor protective measures. Dr. Truby suggests that, to prevent this, there should be a risk assessment at each stage of AI development. Moreover, the AI software should be designed such that it is inaccessible when there is a threat of it being hacked. Such restrictions can minimize the risk of hackers obtaining access to the software.
Inarguably, AI is a powerful technology that needs to be used carefully and efficiently. Although Dr. Truby is optimistic about the future implications of AI, he believes that developers and legislators should exercise caution through effective governance.
He concludes, “The risks of AI to the society and the possible detriments to sustainable development can be severe if not managed correctly. On the flip side, regulating AI can be immensely beneficial to development, leading to people being more productive and more satisfied with their employment and opportunities.”
He further suggested in his paper about the need for proactive regulatory measures in AI development, which would help to ensure that AI operates to benefit sustainable development.”
Worku Gachena additionally pointed out the AI has different importance for a country and the universe as well. It is quite important to modernize agriculture and increase productivity priory especially for developing countries. Coupled with the agricultural center AI is vital for improving health accessibility for a country.
According to him, AI is also vital for modernizing and strengthening citizen’s security, transport, finance, manufacturing industries, education, and euro space industries and sectors. The center will work ardently in order to bring the change for Ethiopia through a quality management system, he added.